While the unemployment rate in Romania is relatively low, fluctuating between 3.5% and 5%, the Jiu Valley has a relatively high unemployment rate, of around 13%, indicating the presence of excess labor force. The unemployment rate also varies quite a bit, from a high 18% in Uricani, to a more modest 11% in Petroșani. It is also important to notice that the share of the active population is relatively low (around 40% of the population captured in the 2011 Census), indicating the presence of excess labor force that is not captured in unemployment figures.


The main sectors in which the labor force is engaged are mining, manufacturing, retail, and construction.